Child Brain Development
The Process of Child Brain Development
When children are born, they are prepared to learn. They are born with brain cells; however child brain development takes place after birth, mostly in infancy and early childhood. The majority of brain development is due to interactions with the outside world, including time spent with parents in different situations. Nutrition can also play a big part in brain development.
How the Infant Brain Develops
Infant brain development is based on experiences with the world. For instance, developing the senses can be based on smelling their mother's perfume, seeing a red car drive past, hearing the telephone ring, the feeling of having their back rubbed, and the taste of milk. The more often a child experiences a particular thing, the more likely it is to become part of their knowledge base, for instance hearing their name. They will begin to recognize their name after they have heard it repeatedly from a variety of sources.
The Process of Brain Development in Children
Children's brains continue to develop at a great rate. Brain development in children is much more active than it is in adults. The brain of a three year old is twice as active as an adult's brain. A great way to help establish this development is through reading. Children continue to make connections with experiences for the first ten years of their lives, and store these in their brains for later use.
Key Aspects of Child Brain Development in Preschool
Words and experiences that are repeated become part of a child's knowledge base. Child brain development in preschool is very important. It is a great time to establish knowledge and behaviors. Spending time in a preschool is particularly helpful in forming social interactions in children. In many cases, the children have been the center of their home life. Spending some time at a preschool allows this feeling of importance to be put in terms of other children as well. All of the children are seen as important, but behaviors such as sharing, taking turns and listening can also be learned in ways that they could not be at home. At this stage routines are also established. This is a great way to prepare children for involvement in school. Even if no formal preschool is attended, this is an important time to establish these behaviors necessary for school success.
What Is Cognitive Child Development?
As children learn, they need to be able to manage this knowledge. This knowledge management is known as cognitive child development. It is how they learn to understand the world. It begins at birth with the development of general ideas. Children then begin to use their senses to understand how things work. They refer to adults around them for visual cues of right and wrong ways of doing things. Visual interaction with adults, such as eye contact, exposure to bright colors and noises around the house will assist in children's cognitive development.